Eating abnormalities is a severe menace. Unlike the commonly known mental illness, eating is a vital bodily function for survival. Eating disorders are serious health conditions that can be both emotionally and physically destructive. These disorders are very complex diseases that can have severe physical and emotional consequences. But eating abnormalities are not necessarily about weight and food. They are attempts to deal with emotional and stress-related issues.
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People who have eating disorders need to seek professional help to curb the menace. Early diagnosis and intervention may enhance recovery. Eating disorders may become debilitating, chronic and even life-threatening. Some people with eating disorders may have difficulty admitting that they are suffering from a serious problem- and a negative impact on their health.
The first step to treating anorexia nervosa is the restoration of normal body weight. Patients with more weight would likely require hospitalization for specialized care. Such kind of people are given a carefully prescribes diet that starts with small meals before gradually increasing the calorie intake. Patients are given a goal weight range as they approach the ideal weight.
The first treatment of bulimia involves the management of any serious physical or health complications. In worst cases, getting hospitalized may be necessary for patients with binge-purge cycle. Treatment of bulimia involves both counselling and medication. People with bulimia are often required to keep a food intake diary and ensure that they eat three meals per day of moderate calorie intake.
Binge eating disorder
Binge eating is treated in a manner to bulimia and other eating disorders. However, the focus is raised on psychotherapy as the primary means of successful treatment. In treatment of binge eating, family support is extremely important especially in helping patients with everyday tasks such as grocery shopping.
When looking for treatment options for an eating disorder, it is important to understand that people respond to varied types of treatment. Treatment may be different even if patients have a similar eating disorder. The main treatment approaches to eating disorders include;
• Family approaches
• Self-help approaches
• Nutritional management
Family approaches are highly required when children, adolescents and young adults are suffering from an eating disorder. Self-help strategies are carried out by patients by following cognitive behavioral therapy. When it comes to nutritional management, nutritionists and dietitians ensure that a patient with eating disorder receive the right levels of vitamins and other nutrients. Medication based approaches are necessary especially when someone with an eating disorder has another type of disorder or illness.