The exact cause of mood disorder is not known. However, it is believed that a person’s moods might result from chemical reactions in the brain. Hence, a rapid mood shift may be as a result of chemical imbalances in the brain. Additionally, mood may be affected by medication, diet, sleep, and other lifestyle factors. Moreover, a shift in these may affect the stability of a persons’ mood.
Individuals experiencing difficulties or changes in life maybe more likely to experience sudden unexplained changes in their mood. For instance, most teenagers may find themselves experiencing varied and frequent mood swings. Issues regarding self-image, identity, and acceptance may be a contributing factor to these emotional changes. In addition, a person who is under high levels of stress might as well have greater chances of experiencing mood disorders.
A number of psychiatric and medical illnesses may lead to mood disorders:
· Hormonal imbalances and changes
· Stress and other emotional problems
· Thyroid conditions
· Dementia, meningitis and other factors that affect the central nervous system.
· Mental challenges such as bipolar and depression.
However, mood disorders can often be treated. When they are not treated, they may result in suicidal ideation and thoughts of self-harm. Mood disorders can be managed using the following strategies.
· Exercise: Exercise produces endorphins. These are hormones that are responsible for controlling stress and help improve mood. Furthermore, a moderate exercise can help relieve abrupt of frequent changes in the mood.
· Nutrition: Getting enough nutrients, and avoiding consumption of alcohol and a large amount of sugar and caffeine can help reduce the frequency of mood swings. Diet is considered to be a vital component of mood management.
· Sleep: helps improve mood. Sleep deprivation which is a factor that affect appetite and energy level can contribute to sadness and general lowness in a mood.
· Schedule; Maintaining a schedule can be helpful. Doing certain activities at the same time every day may help improve emotional highs and lows.
· Tracking: Tracking your moods can help facilitate greater understanding of the changes and shifts in emotions. Keeping a written journal about your feelings may help you notice similar patterns in the mood shifts and potential triggers that might affect the mood. Hence, it acts as a recipe to deal with mood disorders.
· Learning to cope: While having a mood disorder may mean a disturbance in a person’s daily life, a mood disorder diagnosis does not mean diminished quality life. Various treatments and options for managing mood swings exist, and those with mood disorders can lead a normal happy and productive life. But the first step should always be discussing the symptoms with a reputable professional.
Bipolar and depression are condition associated with mood disturbances, hence they can have a debilitating effect and a therapy can help an individual coping up with mood swings. Since mood swings occur as a symptom of an underlying condition and not an s a result of diagnosable conditions, a mental health professional will help the person under therapy to explore other potential causes.
Since mood swings may have a substantial impact on well-being and health, when the causes go untreated, the support for a mental health professional may be recommended.