Bipolar disorder is a mental illness that is marked by extreme mood swings from low to high and vice versa. Each of these extreme episodes can last for hours, days, weeks or months. At some point, the mood swings may become mixed, to make a person feel elated and depressed at the same time. People with bipolar illness go through unusual mood changes. Bipolar disorder is not the same as the usual ups and downs. It may include harsh manic episode and depressive episodes.
Anyone can develop this kind of disorder. In most cases, it starts in a person’s late teen or early adult years and may last a lifetime if not critically treated. If a relative or friend has bipolar disorder, your support and love can make a big difference in treatment and recovery.
Possible Causes of Bipolar Disorder
Possible warning signs of bipolar disorder can be broken down into two; Mania and depression. For mania, symptoms include feeling overly happy, feeling easily agitated, extreme restlessness and impulsivity, unrealistic overconfidence and engaging in risky behavior.
For depression, warning signs include feeling sad or hopeless for extended periods of time, withdrawal from friends and family, significant loss or increase in appetite, severe fatigue and lack of energy, a problem with memory and decision making and thoughts or attempts of suicide.
According to research and analysis, it is not yet clear to state what causes bipolar disorder. However, several factors may contribute to this disorder. Family ties and genes may be one factor because bipolar disorders sometimes run in families. However, just that someone in your family has bipolar disorder, it doesn’t necessarily mean that the same will apply to you.
Another factor that may cause this disorder is the brain structure or the brain functions. Scientists are still conducting research to find out the real causes of bipolar disorder. The success of this research may help doctors in administering proper diagnosis to this menace.
Bipolar illnesses can be quite difficult to diagnose. The symptoms can be hard to spot unless you have a severe mania. If a doctor suspects bipolar disorder, they may use different approaches to making a diagnosis. A physical examination is necessary to determine if other medical conditions could cause such symptoms.
Mental health evaluation comprising of questionnaires is administered to a patient. There is also a mood charting diary to keep track of a patient’s sleep patterns and daily moods. Bipolar disorder is treated with medication, psychotherapy, substance abuse treatment and electroconvulsive therapy.